2 edition of Waste paper as a biomass feedstock found in the catalog.
Waste paper as a biomass feedstock
by CANMET, Efficiency and Alternative Energy Technology Branch in Ottawa
Written in English
DSS contract no. 23440-1-9561.
|Statement||prepared for Efficiency and Alternative Energy Technology Branch, Natural Resources Canada ; prepared by Senes Consultants Ltd. ; scientific authority, Bill Cruickshank.|
|Contributions||Cruickshank, Bill., Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology. Efficiency and Alternative Energy Technology Branch., Canada. Natural Resources Canada., SENES Consultants Limited.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||1 v. (various pagings) :|
Gasification of municipal solid waste (MSW) is an attractive alternative fuel production process for the treatment of solid waste as it has several potential benefits over traditional combustion of MSW. Syngas produced from the gasification of MSW can be utilized as a gas fuel being combusted in a conventional burner or in a gas engine to utilize the heat or produce by: 2. Purchase Bioenergy - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN ,
Biomass energy is a true solution only if it uses appropriate feedstock, such as waste from mills and agriculture or sustainably grown perennial crops. Using annual grain crops like corn and sorghum depletes groundwater and requires high inputs of energy. The utilization of agricultural waste to produce bioethanol proves to be an alternative energy source for the limited non renewable energy and a dependable substitute for food : Kenechi Nwosu-Obieogu.
Feedstock production and collection: If the feedstock is a residue, such as municipal biomass waste, logging or cropping residues, or a by-product such as bagasse, then production is less an economic issue than if the feedstock is purposely grown for the production of biochar—such as switchgrass—which would include the costs and inputs needed for the growing and harvesting of the crop. Within the state of industry, with non-renewable resources running out and the cost for waste disposal increasing, waste valorisation is an incredibly important concept that is beginning to be acknowledged as the future of industrial waste processing. KW - Biomass. KW - Biorefinery concept. KW - Feedstock. KW - Food supply chain (FSC).
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Increased recycling enables an increase in biomass availability and reduces life-cycle energy use and carbon dioxide emissions.
Recovered paper as feedstock leads to lowest energy use (22 GJ/t) and CO 2 emissions (− kg CO 2 /t) when biomass not used for paper production is assumed to be converted into bio-energy. Large differences exist between paper grades in e.g. electricity and heat use during Cited by: Among various biomass types, the waste of office paper is distinguished by increased content of cellulose and negligible content of lignin; therefore it can be a suitable feedstock for.
Biomass feedstocks include forest products wastes, agricultural residues, organic fractions of municipal solid wastes, paper, cardboard, plastic, food waste, green waste, and other waste.
Biomass is a sustainable feedstock for chemicals and energy products. Biomass feedstocks are more evenly distributed in the world. (PDF) Waste Paper as Promising Feedstock for Production of Biofuel | Michael Ioelovich - is a platform for academics to share research papers.
Tea waste and food waste as a potential feedstock for biogas production of standard biomass analytical procedures on tea waste and. This paper tests the hypothesis that propionic and. Publisher Summary. This chapter examines the concept of virgin and waste biomass.
In the mids, few virgin biomass species were grown and harvested in the United States specifically for energy or conversion to biofuels, with the possible exceptions of feedstocks for fuel. When waste paper is made into biomass pellets, it can be used as one green and renewable energy resource with a wide application.
The waste paper pellet is a high efficient fuel that plays an important role in family heating, cooking, generating electricity, or as industrial fuel. The first International Symposium on Feedstock Recycling of Polymeric Materials (ISFR) was Waste paper as a biomass feedstock book in in Sendai, Japan.
Since then, the ISFR has been held five times in different places in. Biomass Feedstocks as a Renewable Carbon Source. Terrestrial lignocellulosic biomass (i.e., plants and plant-based materials not used for food or feed) is an abundant, renewable, and sustainable resource for producing biofuels, bioproducts, and biopower.
Biomass and other renewable or re-usable carbon sources commonly used for bioenergy. Potassium Content of Biomass Mixed waste paper Fir mill waste RFD - Tacoma Red oak sawdust Sugar Cane Bagasse Urban wood waste Willow - SV yr Furniture waste Willow - SV yr Alder/fir sawdust Switchgrass, MN Hybrid poplar Switchgrass, D Leaf, MN Demolition wood Forest residuals Poplar - coarse Miscanthus File Size: 1MB.
PDF | On Jan 1,M. Ioelovich and others published Waste Paper - Promising Feedstock for Bioethanol Production | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate.
Waste Biorefinery: Potential and Perspectives designs concepts that enable modern biorefineries to utilize all types of biogenic wastes, and to integrate processes that convert byproduct streams to high-value products, achieving higher cost benefits. This book is an essential resource for researchers and students studying biomass, biorefineries.
feedstock as almost any organic material can be processed under this process. An incipient gain in the shift for a source of renewable energy is that the feedstock is often a by-product, a residue or waste product of other processes. Feedstocks include waste paper, grassAuthor: Edward Kwaku Armah, Emmanuel Kweinor Tetteh, Bright Boafo Boamah.
The biomass should be soaked prior its treatment in the beater; in the case of waste paper, as it is a thin and absorbent material, it can be soaked for one hour (Cerda,Osorio, ). The capacity of the beater is about 1 kg of dry biomass, but this can vary depending upon the type of by: Biomass markets can comprise a single type of biomass or a group of biomass products from separate resources that have common characteristics.
For example, the feedstock market for wood-fired power plants is wood waste, but this waste can come from many sources: forest and mill residues, manufacturing and urban wastes, and the fruit and nut Cited by: The lower heating values of plastic waste and paper waste were calculated at and MJ kg −1.
It should be noted that gasifying the plastic is not practical as single biomass despite its high heating value. Hence, it is inevitable to blend the plastic waste with other biomass Author: Edris Madadian.
Type and composition of biomass feedstock. The structure of biomass is complex and usually composed of three main natural biomacromolecules: Cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin.
Besides that it also has extractives and some minerals. The proportion and these basic constituents vary from biomass to biomass [11, 29, 30]. During pyrolysis Cited by: 3.
Gasification of Waste Materials: Technologies for Generating Energy, Gas and Chemicals from MSW, Biomass, Non-recycled Plastics, Sludges and Wet Solid Wastes explores the most recent gasification technologies developing worldwide to convert waste solids to energy and synthesis gas and chemical products.
The authors examine the thermodynamic. The disposal of plastic solid waste (PSW) has become a major worldwide environmental problem. New sustainable processes have emerged, i.e. either advanced mechanical recycling of PSW as virgin or second grade plastic feedstock, or thermal treatments to recycle the waste as virgin monomer, as synthetic fuel gas, or as heat source (incineration with energy recovery).Cited by: Definition of feedstock In this paper the term feedstock is defined to include any substrate that can be converted to methane by anaerobic bacteria.
Feedstocks can range from readily degradable wastewater to complex high-solid waste. Even toxic compounds may be degraded anaerobically depending on the technology applied.
One requirement is thatFile Size: KB. are used as a raw material for the production of paper, fiberboard, biomass fuel, and other products. Hog fuel refers to woody biomass and wood waste that has been ground in a tub grinder to produce a coarse mixture of bark and chips that 1 Woody Biomass-Derived Feedstocks CHIPS Small fragment of wood that may or may not contain bark.The Economics of Biomass Feedstocks in the United States A Review of the Literature October Occasional Paper No.
1 Biomass Research and Development Board. ii About the Biomass Research and Development Board The Biomass Research and Development Board (Board) was created by the Biomass Analysis of biomass feedstock is complex by virtue File Size: KB.Biomass Supply Chain Risk (BSCR) A comprehensive compilation of the range of risks that can impact biomass feedstock.
Analysis Summary. Get a quick glimpse of the characteristics of thousands of biomass samples in a single table. Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium.